An email server in Lightsail: it’s harder than it sounds!

While it’s pretty complicated, and takes fair bit of work, setting up your own email server with lightsail can be done.  And it’s pretty cool to have your own email server.

There is a LOT of prerequisites that need to be done before this will have any chance of actually working.  I’m not going to give documentation on all the parts, as most of the are documented pretty well, I will provide links to the documentation that you can follow to get the pieces set up.

For starters, you’ll need a lightsail server with the LAMP stack. You’ll need a domain name, with DNS set up to be managed by lightsail.  You can use apt-get to install sendmail, awscli, alpine, and dovecot-imapd, and dovecot-core.  For the imap server to work, you’ll need to open up tcp/143 in Firewall section of the networking tab for your Lightsail server.

Once you have all those parts installed, then ..

Set up SES to send email following:

http://docs.aws.amazon.com/ses/latest/DeveloperGuide/send-email-smtp.html

Then configure sendmail to send email:

http://docs.aws.amazon.com/ses/latest/DeveloperGuide/sendmail.html

Set up receive unencrypted mime files to an S3 bucket:

http://docs.aws.amazon.com/ses/latest/DeveloperGuide/receiving-email.html

Set up the aws command:

http://docs.aws.amazon.com/cli/latest/userguide/using-s3-commands.html

And finally, for every To email address, either have an account on the system, or an entry in /etc/aliases.

Once all that is set up and working, we get to the fun part.

Using the aws command, we want to get the mime files on the local Linux system so you can sendmail deliver it.

So, lets pretend your S3 bucket is email and the prefix is msg:

# aws s3 ls s3://email/msg 

If you have some messages, the output might look like:

 # 2017-08-12 21:38:49 9943 4eothr4lcmjdkbv4cunbbj985v7avu8c8k29da01
 # 2017-08-11 22:11:15 645 AMAZON_SES_SETUP_NOTIFICATION
 # 2017-08-12 09:51:41 3669 a9beedc4assu9a03sndvavfv3rvpthtqb2f0ocg1
 # 2017-08-11 22:16:39 9938 q8pdd9j9e73mcts6mtnhrrbmaiqt93rupvrmamo1

Now, we need to through away the AMAZON_SES_SETUP_NOTIFICATION file:

aws s3 rm s3://email/msg/AMAZON_SES_SETUP_NOTIFICATION

Next, using the aws command, move the emails from the s3 bucket and use sendmail to deliver them:

mkdir /tmp/mail
cd /tmp/mail
aws s3 mv s3://email/msg/4eothr4lcmjdkbv4cunbbj985v7avu8c8k29da01 .
aws s3 mv s3://email/msg/a9beedc4assu9a03sndvavfv3rvpthtqb2f0ocg1 .
aws s3 mv s3://email/msg/q8pdd9j9e73mcts6mtnhrrbmaiqt93rupvrmamo1 .

/usr/sbin/sendmail -i -t < 4eothr4lcmjdkbv4cunbbj985v7avu8c8k29da01
/usr/sbin/sendmail -i -t < a9beedc4assu9a03sndvavfv3rvpthtqb2f0ocg1
/usr/sbin/sendmail -i -t < q8pdd9j9e73mcts6mtnhrrbmaiqt93rupvrmamo1

If they were addressed to a local user, you can use Alpine to verify that the messages were delivered.

To get dovecote to work correctly, simply comment out this line in /etc/dovecoat/dovecoat.conf:

listen = *, ::

Then you can set up an imap client such as thunderbird. You’ll recieve email from you server using login credentials on the local server, and send using your SMTP credentials and config for SES.  Then to finish off, add a DAV server such as Baïkal so you can have an address book and calendar that is synced with you email.

A complete script that  does all the hard stuff for you can be found in the following github repo:

https://github.com/lorddoomicus/lightsail

Run this via a cron job once every min or 5 min for best results.

NOTE: You MUST set the “SES_BUCKET” variable as “bucket/prefix” for the script to work:

SES_BUCKET=”email/msg” /opt/doomnet/bin/deliver_ses_mail.sh > /tmp/deliver.out 2>&1

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